Influenza, commonly known as “the flu”, is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus. The word Influenza comes from the Italian language meaning “influence” and refers to the cause of the disease.
What are the causes of influenza?
The flu is caused by the influenza virus B that affects humans when they inhale contaminated air. Influenza is contagious.
Symptoms of influenza:
Symptoms of influenza include:
- Fever over 100.4 F (38 C)
- Aching muscles, especially in your back, arms and legs.
- Chills and sweats.
- Dry, persistent cough.
- Fatigue and weakness.
- Nasal congestion.
- A sore throat.
Which organ does influenza affect?
Fatigue is experienced throughout the body but organs that are usually affected the most are the throat, respiratory tract, nose, and lungs.
Flu is primarily treated with rest and fluid intake to allow the body to fight the infection on its own. Paracetamol may help cure the symptoms but NSAIDs should be avoided. An annual vaccine can help prevent the flu and limit its complications.
Other methods include:
- Supportive care
- Fluid replacement
- Bed rest
- Throat lozenge
- Medications like: Decongestant, Cough medicine, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Analgesic, and Antiviral drugs can also be used to treat the flu