Cadmium tests are done to ensure industrial workers are not affected by the metal leading to toxicity. Therefore, there are medical tests that can measure exposure and cadmium body burden as well as standard and specialized clinical tests to measure the health effects of cadmium exposure.
Tests that should be performed if cadmium inhalation is suspected.
- Chest X-ray – looking for chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema.
- Measurement of oxygen saturation.
- Renal and hepatic functions – to check for signs of liver or kidney damage.
- Cadmium blood levels. Blood cadmium indicates recent exposure and urine cadmium indicates body burden (ATSDR 1999).
Tests that should be performed in case of acute cadmium ingestion.
- Hepatic and renal functions.
No test precaution like ‘fasting’ is necessary.
Normal blood cadmium is <5.0 ng/mL, with most results in the range of 0.5 to 2.0 ng/mL. Acute toxicity will be observed when the blood level exceeds 50 ng/mL.