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July 2019

23 Jul

Lipase Test

Brief summary: Lipases perform essential roles in the digestion, transport, and processing of dietary lipids in most, if not all, living organisms. Lipase is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of fats. Lipases are a subclass of the Esterases.   Test Process: Lipase is an enzyme that breaks down dietary fats into smaller molecules called fatty acids and glycerol. A small amount of lipase, called gastric lipase, is made...
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23 Jul

Lead Test

Brief summary: Lead is a dangerous metal, which when exposed to, can cause poisoning. It is essential to get tested if you have been exposed to any lead.   Test Process: A blood sample is taken from a vein in your arm or by a finger stick or a heel stick (for infants)   Test Precaution: No precaution in terms of fasting or other preparation is required.   Test Outcome: Blood lead level of 5 µg/dL or 0.24...
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23 Jul

Heart Attack – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Overview: A heart attack is the death of a segment of heart muscle caused by a loss of blood supply. The blood is usually cut off when an artery supplying the heart muscle is blocked by a blood clot.   What are the causes of a heart attack? While previously only smoking and cholesterol were considered as causes for heart attacks, today, the various causes also include: Smoking Abnormal cholesterol ...
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23 Jul

Gas – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Overview: Food poisoning, also called foodborne illness, is an illness caused by eating contaminated food. Infectious organisms including bacteria, viruses, and parasites or their toxins are the most common causes of food poisoning.   What are the causes of food poisoning? Contamination of food can happen at any point in production: growing, harvesting, processing, storing, shipping or preparing. Cross-contamination - the transfer of harmful organisms from one surface to...
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23 Jul

Food Poisoning – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Overview: A very common disease brought upon by eating wrong, food poisoning or foodborne illness is caused when one eats contaminated, spoiled, or toxic food.   What are the causes of food poisoning? Food poisoning is caused by 3 major organisms. They are: Bacteria: E. coli, Listeria, and Salmonella Parasites: Toxoplasma Viruses: Norovirus, also known as the Norwalk virus, sapovirus, rotavirus, and astrovirus.   What organs are affected? Food poisoning affects the entire abdomen area. Stomach,...
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23 Jul

Fever

Overview: Fever is when a human's body temperature goes above the normal range of 36–37° Centigrade (98–100° Fahrenheit). It is a common medical sign. Other terms for fever include pyrexia and controlled hyperthermia.   What are the causes of a fever? Weather changes Rheumatoid arthritis Some medications Overexposure of skin to sunlight, or sunburn Heatstroke, caused by exposure to high temperatures or prolonged strenuous exercise Dehydration Silicosis, a type of...
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23 Jul

Diabetes Mellitus – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Overview: Diabetes mellitus (or diabetes) is a chronic, lifelong condition that affects your body's ability to use the energy found in food. It is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism characterized by the impaired ability of the body to produce or respond to insulin and thereby maintain proper levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood.   What causes diabetes mellitus type 1? Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system, the body’s system for fighting infection, attacks and...
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23 Jul

Dengue Fever – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Overview: Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease that occurs in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Mild dengue fever causes a high fever, rash, and muscle and joint pain. A severe form of dengue fever, also called dengue hemorrhagic fever, can cause severe bleeding, a sudden drop in blood pressure (shock) and death. Dengue fever is a painful, debilitating mosquito-borne disease caused by any one of...
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23 Jul

Conjunctivitis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Overview: Conjunctivitis, or pink eye, is an irritation or inflammation of the conjunctiva, which covers the white part of the eyeball. It can be caused by allergies or bacterial or viral infections. Conjunctivitis can be extremely contagious and is spread by contact with eye secretions from someone who is infected.   What are the causes of conjunctivitis? Viruses, including the kind that causes the common cold Bacteria Irritants such...
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